Creating a Collaborative Space to Meet 21st Century Needs, Kaye McKinney
Reference
Graboyes, A. S. (2011). A 21st Century Library in a 20th Century Space. Educational Leadership, 69(4), 74-78.
Summary
Graboyes (2011) spoke directly to the overall purpose of this project as she described her process in improving use of her high school library. The article detailed the project undertaken at her library from weeding the collection to redesigning the physical space and furnishings. The article also provided a budget for their project, including funding sources. Graboyes (2011) began the project by evaluating how the overall space was being used by students and stated that use evaluations would continue. Throughout the redesign a focus of usability and visual appeal were maintained. Graboyes (2011) also included rearrangement of the collection and shelving practices as a part of the library improvements.
Relevance
Graboyes article pertained primarily to redesigning the physical appearance of the library. Although I have already implemented many of the suggested changes, I did find several aspects of value to include in my current project. Specifically, additional weeding and revising the collection arrangement are two areas that should be considered for inclusion in my project. Exploring funding sources to incorporate more functional and adaptable classroom seating will also be considered and presented to committee members. Although the focus of the article pertained to the physical environment, the goal of increasing relevance and use of the library is fully relevant to the project at hand.

Reference
Kern, M. K. & Stephens, M. (2008). Taming Technolust: Ten Steps for Planning in a 2.0 World. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 47(4), 314-317.
Summary
Kern and Stephens (2008) offer relevant suggestions related to approaching technology-based improvements to any library. Some suggestions included the importance of careful planning, utilizing a team approach, and being transparent in admitting concerns and mistakes as essential keys to successful implementation. Also viewed as essential to successful adaptation of library services was remaining current of new technology offerings and recognizing which tools would enhance services in a particular setting. Essentially, utilizing a transparent, collaborative approach was viewed as critical to the success of enhancing technology offerings within the library.
Relevance
Kern and Stephens (2008) article provided key issues to keep in mind as the project is developed and implemented. Primarily, the need to proceed with a plan is a key point to remember throughout the project. When considering options to pursue to enhance the relevance of the media center, it is essential that relevant and needed options be considered and incorporated. Falling into “Technolust” (Kern & Stephens, 2008), can lead to selecting options that may appear useful but are quickly neglected or forgotten. The article confirmed my choice to utilize a team approach and seek input from library users to evaluate their needs when make decisions to revise the library setting and services.

Reference
Techno Geek Brought Very Near. (2010). Teacher Librarian, 38(2), 59-60.
Summary
Carolyn Foote, “a self proclaimed techno-geek” responds to interview questions from the editors of Teacher Librarian (Techno, p. 59, 2010). In the interview, Foote identifies the importance of collaboration, team planning, and informed advocacy as essential to the changing structure of school libraries. Foote describes the needs of students as a reversal of traditional library use. Foote explained, “Where once we had to teach students how to scrounge for enough information, now we have to teach them how to filter out too much information” (Techno, p. 61, 2010). Foote (2010) concludes by encouraging librarians to be open-minded to change and to embrace the opportunity to redefine our roles and environment.
Relevance
Foote stressed the continued importance of the library in promoting student learning. She stated that library services being considered “obsolete” is illogical (Techno, p. 61, 2010). Her suggestions that library services and environments will change directly relates to the central focus of the project. Foote encourages librarians to be prepared to change attitudes, services, and perceptions related to student learning. Ultimately, the interview speaks to the underlying foundation this project is based upon. In order to remain relevant in a technology-based environment, changes need to be carefully considered, planned, and implemented.

Reference
Trilling, B. (2010). From Libraries to Learning "Libratories:" The New ABC's of 21st Century Libraries. School Library Monthly, 27(1), 43-46.
Summary
Trilling (2010) identified the changes that need to occur in a 21st-century library. He proposed that media centers need to become “Learning Libratories – environments where a vide variety of learning activities and projects can take place” (Trilling, p. 44, 2010). Trilling (2010) expanded upon the theme by identifying key requirements media specialist should meet in the changing setting of 21st-century library. Essential skills included leading the school in digital literacy instruction, ensuring continuous access to materials, serving as a school leader and community host, and maintaining creativity and flexibility in a global environment (Trilling, 2010).
Relevance
The article provides a concise list of areas to attend to when updating library services to meet the needs of users. By providing collaborative instruction and digital literacy expertise, media specialists can serve the technology based needs of the school communities they serve. This article continued the theme of the media center retaining a central service to the school setting, by adapting services to meet technology and project-based learning needs. Creating studio space for projects and guidance in digital literacy skills were once again identified as critical factors in revising library services. Ideas and suggestions, presented in the article, support the overall direction of the proposed project.

Reference
Williams, C. (2013). Librarians as Incubators. Library Media Connection, 32(1), 28-31.
Summary
Williams (2013) provided insight into creating a Learning Commons atmosphere in the media center based on the Maker Faire philosophy. The article detailed several suggestions that are easily implemented to restructure the fundamental use of the library space. Utilizing the library workroom and leisure seating, Williams presented ideas on how to redesign the existing space to develop “incubators that allow for student and faculty ideas to blossom and flourish” (p. 31, 2013). The article also presented the suggestion that the media specialist should take the lead in encouraging coworkers to expand instruction to more project-based learning, providing the environment for explorative activities. Williams also suggested the concept of “20 percent time” in which students are allowed time to work on projects of personal interest, to further expand their knowledge and skills (p. 30, 2013).
Relevance
Williams article directly relates to one concept being considered in restructuring the media center for this project. Constructing a Maker Space is a primary goal of the overall project. The article provided support for this decision and also presented additional ideas for consideration. Specific suggestions for reorganizing the existing space are included. Additionally, the concept of including “20 percent time” is worth pursuing to promote student engagement. Although it may not always be possible to include this feature, the potential for incorporating this level of student ownership is essential to the success of this project.

Conclusion
Overall, the literature provided a research-based foundation that the goals and intentions of my project are relevant and valid. In some instances, I found that I had already completed suggested improvements. However, even in these instances I discovered additional ideas for enhancing the aspects previously addressed. I also found several new avenues to pursue. Specifically, I found additional ideas to further support student ownership, guidelines for creating Maker Space areas, and ideas for expanding collaborative and direct instruction opportunities. Primarily, the research provided the relevance and support necessary to proceed upon this path and to fully implement the overall project. The research validates the need to revise library operations, redesign the facility to encourage use and relevance, and essentially to strive to return the library to a central focus of service to the school community.